|Contribution||Reduced mortality from post-operative infections by instituting hygienic measures.|
|Notes||Surgeon George Callender of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, was a leading advocate of hospital hygiene in the years immediately preceding the Germ Theory revolution. In his hospital, deaths from surgical complications fell from 33% to 10% in the period 1847 to 1867. Such demonstration of the benefits of cleanliness had little impact until the discovery of microbial pathogens provided a convincing rationale.|
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