|Contribution||The Society of Apothecaries unsuccessfully petitioned the British Parliament for the official recognition of midwives.|
|Notes||This is a reminder of the unappreciated role of germs in the mortality then associated with childbirth. From the 1770s to the 1840s, various pioneers pointed to the transmissibility of childbed fever, and the effectiveness of cleanliness in preventing it; but until the germ theory became accepted, the means of control were not widely accepted.|
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