|Contribution||Initiated trials in cattle to test cattlemen's belief in ticks as source of Texas Fever (babesiosis).|
|Notes||Work in 1889 confirmed link between ticks and disease. Theobald Smith acknowledged Kilborne's initiative, writing that in the summer of 1889, Kilborne "conceived the happy idea of testing this popular theory of the relation of ticks to the disease. This he did ..." (cited by Schwabe, C. W., Veterinary Medicine and Human Health, Williams & Wilkins, 1964). Work in 1890 - 1892, with important roles played by Smith and Curtice, resulted in classic paper announcing causative agent (protozoon) and confirming tick transmission. See 1893 for Malone reference, and more about the discovery.|
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