ContributionTested a killed-bacterium vaccine for the prevention of plague.
NotesHe had developed the vaccine while working in India during the previous year. Vaccination of more than 11,000 people was judged to be about 95% successful. (The deaths that occurred in one village, at the beginning of the 20th Century, are believed to be due to gross misuse of the vaccine.) This work was highly controversial; see "The Story of Dr. Haffkine" by Mark Popovsky, Progress Publishers, Moscow; undated (W.C.C. collection). Popovsky attributed many of Haffkine's problems to the inept and unscientific character of British colonial administration -- which may be a sound analysis, but Popovsky's book was published in the U.S.S.R. and other sources should be consulted. See 1897 Haffkine.
Pathogen ClassBacteria

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