|Contribution||Tested a killed-bacterium vaccine for the prevention of plague.|
|Notes||He had developed the vaccine while working in India during the previous year. Vaccination of more than 11,000 people was judged to be about 95% successful. (The deaths that occurred in one village, at the beginning of the 20th Century, are believed to be due to gross misuse of the vaccine.) This work was highly controversial; see "The Story of Dr. Haffkine" by Mark Popovsky, Progress Publishers, Moscow; undated (W.C.C. collection). Popovsky attributed many of Haffkine's problems to the inept and unscientific character of British colonial administration -- which may be a sound analysis, but Popovsky's book was published in the U.S.S.R. and other sources should be consulted. See 1897 Haffkine.|
Copyright © 2007- William C. Campbell. All rights reserved.